CONOCE LOS NUEVOS RIESGOS MEDIOAMBIENTALES

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En la actualidad, los ciudadanos europeos disfrutan de una vida más sana y longeva que sus antepasados gracias a las eficientes políticas de medio ambiente que se llevan a cabo y las cuales han reducido la exposición del ser humano a peligrosos contaminantes del aire, el agua y la comida . No obstante, dichos contaminantes siguen siendo un problema y nuevos riesgos están emergiendo debido a nuevas substancias químicas, productos y sistemas de vida que se frecuentan hoy en día.

Dado a que la población vive más años, las principales causas de muerte prematura y problemas de salud crónicos son debidas a las dispares ‘condiciones de vida’ a las que el ser humano se encuentra expuesto según sus capacidades económicas y situación geográfica. Según estudios de la EEA[1], la población con un nivel económico bajo suele habitar en zonas pobres donde las condiciones medioambientales son deficientes, y por consecuente potencialmente peligrosas para la salud humana.

Nuevos riesgos

Pese a todos los avances realizados en términos de mejora medioambiental, la ciencia dejará de centrarse en los peligros de forma individual para pasar a un estadio mas complejo, donde diversos factores como el estilo de vida de las sociedades combinado con los problemas medioambientales están influyendo en nuestra salud.

Entre los nuevos aspectos a tener en cuenta, cabe destacar:

  • Agentes químicos. Las ventas globales de productos químicos se han doblado entre el 2000  y el 2009, y su aparición en el mercado está totalmente en auge, incluyendo substancias perjudiciales para la salud humana.
  • Calidad del agua. Residuos farmacéuticos y substancias contaminantes endocrinas son la nueva preocupación en términos de contaminación del agua, ya que aun no son posibles de remover con tratamientos de filtraje para el agua.
  • Ruido. Se ha convertido en un agente perjudicial para la salud, afectando al sistema cognitivo, cardiovascular y produciendo serios problemas de insomnio. Además, las áreas ruidosas suelen ser aquellas que tienen altos niveles de polución, hecho que provoca una retroalimentación y un aumento de los efectos negativos.
  • Radiaciones electromagnéticas y nanotecnología. Las radiaciones electromagnéticas provenientes mayoritariamente de las emisiones de los teléfonos móviles, así como todas las aplicaciones nanotecnológicas suponen un riesgo emergente relacionado con los cánceres.
  • Espacios verdes. Se ha comprobado que tienen beneficios efectos sobre el ser humano, tanto físicos como psíquicos. Por ello, es muy importante que las ciudades dispongan de un 30% de su espacio urbanístico con ecosistemas verdes. Suecia y Finlandia son un buen ejemplo de ello.

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CONOCE LOS NUEVOS RIESGOS MEDIOAMBIENTALES

bigstock-airview-panorama-of-beijing-c-53189356

European citizens live longer and healthier lives than their ancestors, thanks to efficient environmental policies are being carried out and which have reduced human exposure to harmful environmental contaminants in air, water and food. However, these contaminants are still a problem and new risks are emerging due to new chemical substances , products and changing lifestyle patterns.

Given that people are living longer , the main causes of premature death and chronic health problems are due to the different ‘ living conditions ‘ to which man is exposed and its economic and geographical situation . Recent studies of the EEA[1] asures that people with low social status tend to live in degraded areas where environmental conditions are poor and consequently potentially dangerous to human health .

New risks

Despite all the progress made in terms of environmental improvement , science will move away from focusing on individual hazards, to look instead at the complex and combined effects environmental and lifestyle factors are having on our health.

New aspects to consider , include:

  • Chemicals. Global sales of products from the chemicals have doubled between 2000 and 2009 , and its appearance on the market is absolutely booming, including substances harmful to human health.
  • Water quality. Pharmaceutical residues and endocrine-disrupting substances are the new concern in terms of water pollution, and are not yet possible to remove with treatments for water pollution control .
  • Noise. Has become an agent harmful to health , affecting cognitive and cardiovascular systems and producing serious insomnia problems. Furthermore, noisy areas tend to be those that have high levels of pollution, and each factor seems to augment the effect of the other.
  • Electromagnetic Fields and Nanotechnology. Mostly electromagnetic radiation emission from mobile phones as well as all nanotechnological applications, pose an emerging risk related to cancer.
  • Green spaces. Have been shown to have benefits on the human effects , both physical and mental. Therefore it is very important that the cities have 30 % of its urban space with green areas. Sweden and Finland are a good example.

News

Comments are closed.

CONOCE LOS NUEVOS RIESGOS MEDIOAMBIENTALES

bigstock-airview-panorama-of-beijing-c-53189356

European citizens live longer and healthier lives than their ancestors, thanks to efficient environmental policies are being carried out and which have reduced human exposure to harmful environmental contaminants in air, water and food. However, these contaminants are still a problem and new risks are emerging due to new chemical substances , products and changing lifestyle patterns.

Given that people are living longer , the main causes of premature death and chronic health problems are due to the different ‘ living conditions ‘ to which man is exposed and its economic and geographical situation . Recent studies of the EEA[1] asures that people with low social status tend to live in degraded areas where environmental conditions are poor and consequently potentially dangerous to human health .

New risks

Despite all the progress made in terms of environmental improvement , science will move away from focusing on individual hazards, to look instead at the complex and combined effects environmental and lifestyle factors are having on our health.

New aspects to consider , include:

  • Chemicals. Global sales of products from the chemicals have doubled between 2000 and 2009 , and its appearance on the market is absolutely booming, including substances harmful to human health.
  • Water quality. Pharmaceutical residues and endocrine-disrupting substances are the new concern in terms of water pollution, and are not yet possible to remove with treatments for water pollution control .
  • Noise. Has become an agent harmful to health , affecting cognitive and cardiovascular systems and producing serious insomnia problems. Furthermore, noisy areas tend to be those that have high levels of pollution, and each factor seems to augment the effect of the other.
  • Electromagnetic Fields and Nanotechnology. Mostly electromagnetic radiation emission from mobile phones as well as all nanotechnological applications, pose an emerging risk related to cancer.
  • Green spaces. Have been shown to have benefits on the human effects , both physical and mental. Therefore it is very important that the cities have 30 % of its urban space with green areas. Sweden and Finland are a good example.

News

Comments are closed.